More than ten lakhs student appears for the Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) every year. But apart from deciding to make a career in Engineering, it is even more important to decide the Engineering Stream in which one wishes to do his or her specialization.
There can be two ways of choosing your stream, first is by keeping in mind your interest and second is by choosing a stream that pays more. One should debunk the popular myth that the branch which is most popular is the one that pays the most. In the end it all comes down to the hard work that a student can put in his studies and the reputation of a particular institution.
Here we have listed down the popular engineering branches and the things that a student should keep in mind while opting for that branch.
Computer Science Engineering:- If one keeps in mind that he or she has to work in India, then one need to understand the demand of the engineers in the field of services. The service sector in India is currently growing at a tremendous pace and the demand for the software engineers, who can provide technological solutions, is increasing as well. So, one can opt for this stream, but only if when has a grasp over coding. One should also remember that the demand of the software engineers is not going to stay forever.
There is a salary offered to the graduates from CSE stream, that ranges from 2.4 LPA to 8.5 LPA, by different MNCs. The giants like Facebook and Google, offer a salary package of approximately 1 crore for the graduates of IITs.
Mechanical Engineering:- This is one of the core branches and requires heavy- metal and robust work. This sector is forever growing in India and the all the industries that require heavy metal work employ the mechanical engineering graduates. The railways, metros, shipyard industry is growing and automobile industries will keep on growing. So, there is plenty of scope for the engineering graduates to secure a good job in this sector.
The annual salary of a mechanical engineer ranges from 1.8 LPA to 5 LPA.
Civil Engineering:- This is again counted as the core branch and is since the earlier times, civil engineers were considered to be the best engineers. They helped in building the infra structure if the nation in the forms of roads, bridges, dams, ports etc. the demand for the civil engineers tempered down, but now a days the demand has again increased due to the demand in the infrastructure development. The site engineers, architectures etc are back in the market.
The annual salary given to a civil engineer by the various construction companies varies for 3 LPA to 5 LPA.
Electrical Engineering:- This is the oldest of all the core branches and even the IT sector employs various Electrical Engineering graduates. They are employed in the sectors where heavy metal work is to be done. The salary for an electrical engineer varies from 1.8 LPA to 4.5 LPA.
Electronics and Communication Engineering:- This is the culmination of the core electrical branch and the communication branch. With the ever increasing demand in improving the mode of communication, this branch is popular now days. The students are taught the coding subjects along with the electronics subjects requiring the designing of the TVs, phones, mobile networks etc.
The salary of an ECE Engineer varies from 1.5 LPA to 3.5 LPA.
There are many other branches that comprise of combination of various branches like the electronics and instrumentation or aeronautical engineering or chemical engineering.
Students should keep in mind that while choosing their branch, they should have a long term vision and not restrict themselves to the branches that are popular during a particular time, so as to have the long term and maximum benefits out of their education.